IL BENCHMARKING NELLA PUBBLICA AMMINISTRAZIONE.FILETYPE PDF

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EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

In the requests it is required to align the development of standards to global developments and to ensure participation of relevant stakeholders from the benchmar,ing as well as the consumer side.

The number of EU Member States that are likely to produce their own national requirements is expected to increase in the future given national action plans and commitments to accessibility, particularly in light of the signing and ratification of the UN Convention by Member States.

In a public consultation, amministrazionefiletype representatives strongly supported EU public procurement rules on xmministrazione.filetype. This relates specifically to the uncertainty for industry of having different countries developing their own sets of accessibility requirements. For example, people with vision impairments often find it difficult or impossible to see the labels on a remote control or to read on-screen amninistrazione.filetype.

It was also suggested to consider the amministrazuone.filetype of other countries in this area, including the US and Japan. The lack of legal certainty as to what requirements are practised in other Member States including how the accessibility obligation is interpreted also hinders free movement in the sense that the economic operator will often rather focus on the better known national markets instead of investing time and money to trade cross-border.

Safeguard clauses will be used to ensure proportionality of the requirements for the companies, in particular SMEs and micro enterprises. They even mentioned that ” There is even a suspicion that countries are amministrazione.filetypd specific legislation based on protectionist considerations.

The problems experienced by economic operators today as a result of legislative fragmentation also relate to lack of legal certainty at the level of the accessibility requirements. Its provisions would be carefully tailored not to overlap with rules of the existing consumer rights legislation and to take them into account.

Differences would concern signaging and wayfinding, rest amministraizone.filetype, sanitary facilities, gradients of ramps, counters design, alarm systems. Options 3 and 4 will best address the main drivers of the problem and consequently would improve the functioning of the internal market. Finally, stakeholders’ views have been more extensively referred to throughout the report. These would then risk to become an additional source of potential fragmentation. Levels for the provision of audio description tend to be much lower.

Nevertheless, the scope and detailed level of coverage varies strongly across countries. By defining requirements for accessibility, it would rather complement the general accessibility obligation in EU legislation, such as in the fields of public procurement or the European Structural and Investment funds.

Those requirements could be different with respect accessibility standards used for the related websites. In some cases the initiative could also entail a limited restriction to the exercise of those rights with the adoption of new rules in some Member States. The rules related to emergency services Emergency services and the single European emergency call number under Article 26 USD are likely to be strengthened by Member States to provide direct access to emergency services, as required by the same Directive, via text telephony, and video phone service with implications for divergent technical accessibility requirements for terminals.

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The legislative divergence and consequent market fragmentation brings a lot of uncertainty with regard amministrazoine.filetype accessibility for the consumers. Further explanations have been provided to clarify the relation and the scope of the intended measures in comparison with the obligations arising from the UN Convention. This EU accessibility initiative will have a different objective, that of improving pubblicw functioning of the internal market.

At this moment, not all areas covered by the UN Convention have been covered by national accessibility requirements or EU law. In this line of thinking, the EU initiative would also establish a proportionate implementation schedule, with a gradual approach.

In particular, clarification on the voluntary role of European standards and their limited effect to prevent the divergence of national legislation. The divergence in national amministrazion.filetype requirements will lead to costs for business and for consumers who will not be able to benefit from lower prices and a benchmarrking offer of goods on-line.

There were responses citizens and representatives of public and private sector organisations.

Consequently, in the absence of EU action, the adoption of more national legislation will in turn increase the risk of disparities between national provisions and practices. This section assesses for each priority good and service and for public procurement the current situation of regulatory fragmentation, its likely development by if no EU action is taken baseline and related problems in the internal market.

In the absence of EU legislation, while Member States might get inspiration from these documents, experience shows that in the process of making national rules, modifications are often introduced. Computers and Operating Systems. Industry representatives indicated that EU action in this area should include a link to EU public procurement rules, because different accessibility requirements and legislation at different administration and sector levels hinders the functioning of the internal market.

While most national rules for DTT equipment relates to the Digital Video Broadcasting DVB family of standards, fragmentation relates to the selected components of the specifications of that family, the compression rules used, the technical rules for the support of subtitles and audio description sometimes using the circuitry of the receiver to mix the signals.

In this step, the list of 87 relevant goods and services was reduced to 23 the list is provided in Annex 5 by keeping only those for which the analysis showed that the coverage of national legislation could lead to obstacles to the well-functioning of the internal market and after due consideration of EU competences.

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EU action will add value to national accessibility legislation by creating rules that will ensure the free movement of accessible goods and services in the internal market. In comparison to the US for instance, where economic operators benefit from a large economy of scale ensured by common accessibility rules at the federal level, the EU seems to be lagging behind in terms of competitiveness and innovation of accessible products.

There is a divergence of national accessibility requirements related to goods and services placed and provided in the EU market and related to public procurement specifications, which leads to a fragmentation of the internal market.

These requirements typically take the form of target percentages of the broadcast programmes which need to be covered by accessibility services such as subtitling, audio description and sign language interpretation.

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Many of these legislative acts have an internal legal market basis In relation to access to emergency service Portugal requires accessibility of handsets for fixed telephony.

Second, following the trend in the US, where regulations exist for services, networks and equipment placing obligations on operators and manufacturers and technical standards are being updated, national legislations are expected to address new technological developments and have implications for technical accessibility standards that would be divergent.

By enabling disabled citizens to take up their place in society and fully exercise their rights, accessibility would also contribute to the Europe aims of improving education and employment as well as combating poverty and social exclusion.

When the new Directives enter into force, lack of accessibility requirements at the EU level will result in further fragmentation at national or local level. The Directives do not, however, specify what accessibility means, leaving this aspect to sector-specific rules This is due to the converging nature of technologies such as computers, smart phones and games consoles.

First and foremost, by increasing the potential of the internal market through the elimination of obstacles to trade, the initiative would be beneficial for the exercise of those two rights.

The linkage of the directives with a clear set of CEN standards is an excellent tool for making it possible for any manufacturer or component manufacturer in Europe to certify its products once and sell or install anywhere in the European Union and EEA.

In 3 countries those requirements are mandated at regional level. What is this initiative expected to achieve? The diversity of the regulatory framework, where some Member States have complex national rules regulating accessibility, whereas others do not have any binding measures, results in economic disadvantages for those economic operators whose goods and services must fulfil those accessibility requirements, for example to sell to public authorities of the Member State of origin.