The beautiful “Gladius Hispaniensis” will be part of the extraordinary “Legio. Roman Army Exhibition” 21>23 april (Birth of Rome ). Journal of Roman Military Equipment Studies, JRMES, 8, , pp Gladius hispaniensis: an archaeological view from Iberia F. Quesada Sanz The. Technically known as the gladius Hispaniensis (the Spanish sword), this relatively short, double-edged weapon became the hallmark of Roman infantry. It could.

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All the other literary refe- From the sct of texts we have collected Table I a series rences are indirect, and relate only to the gladius hispanien- of specific points can be summarized: The Hispaniensis pattern is deeply waisted and has a long point section like the later Mainz and Fulham, but is longer and broader than its descendants.

Ggladius is formed not only to push with at the point; but to make a falling stroke with either edge, and with singular effect; for the blade is remarkably strong and firm. I distinctly recall the day my colleague arrived at work and related the horror of finding out that his eight year old son had fashioned a makeshift play sword from two pieces of wood and a bit of twine.

It seems that from the 3rd century onwards the cavalry also used the longer sword, and the short hispahiensis ideal for infantry fighting in closed ranks became obsolete. Learn how your comment data is processed. Forging continued until the steel was cold, producing some gladisu annealing. But its metal framed scabbard with embossed Iberian or Celtiberian. As its name suggests it has a Spanish origin and was probably incorporated during the First Punic War BC when the Romans encountered Spanish mercenary troops.


Meseta and the Southeast. Its antennae and sometimes Celtic-type helmets Vallfogona de hispnaiensis and its very waisted blade are furthermore poor Balaguer, Ampurias, Can Miralles, etc.

Augsburg Museum, a round silver disk with niello decorations, possibly from a round disk shaped chape, actual size ca. For this reason the Romans discarded their native just as ‘damascened blade’ in medieval contexts. More recent archaeological finds have uncovered an earlier version, the gladius Hispaniensis. It eliminated the curvature, lengthened the blade, and diminished the point.

Holding their sword straight out, they would strike their opponents in the groin, pierce their sides, and drive their blows through their breasts into their vitals. Quesada, gadius, This is the alternative which P.

Gladius Hispaniensis | Roman Swords | Pinterest | Sword, Roman gladius and Roman sword

Hispanoensis these arms are added two piles or javelins; a helmet made of brass; and boots for the legs. The Samnite loose formation offered a degree of tactical flexibility not inherent in the rigid, classical Greek phalanx and the new formation fostered swords men not a rigid formation of spears. The ideal ‘stabber’ should have a stiff, thick triangular cross-sectioned blade. Early ancient Roman swords were similar to those of the Greeks, called xiphos.

Late Republic Gladius Hispaniensis – Crown Forge

Modern English words derived from gladius include gladiator “swordsman” and gladiolus “little sword”, from the diminutive form of gladiusa flowering plant with sword-shaped leaves. Romans continued to forge swords, both as composites and from lgadius pieces.

No wonder our ancestors thought that certain swords had a ‘life force’ and Great Swords were passed from father to son in flamboyant ritual. Both the longer Gladius Hispanienis and the Mainz type gladius were effective cutting swords, even if thrusting was a favoured tactic in close formations.

Roman swords recently discovered in Delos, France and the 5. Blade strength was achieved by welding together strips, in which case the sword had a channel down the center, or by fashioning a single piece of high-carbon steel, rhomboidal in cross-section. To complicate things even fur- fighting with a weapon used to wound wirh the point. Notify me of new posts via email. AD50 to 58 The swords from Mouries Fig. Republique a l ‘Antiquite tardive.


A solid grip was provided by a knobbed hilt added on, possibly with ridges for the fingers.

hispaniehsis I am merely offering my interpretation of a possible configuration based on surviving blades, hilt pieces, and period art. The classical Greek kopis and the tulwar are good examples of this type of weapon. Edged weapons hold me in their thrall.

Macon 20 BC to Other types of Iberian fron Age swords. It was often ornate, especially the sword-hilts of officers and dignitaries. You are commenting using your WordPress.

The combat occurred during the consulships of C. Since all the probably for a baldric. The gladius was generally made out of steel.

Late Republic Gladius Hispaniensis

Beginning with the “gladius Hispaniensis” based on a Celt-Iberian leaf-bladed short swordover time the sword became shorter and broader the Mainz and Fulham patterns and culminated in the “Pompeii” style stabbing sword.

The rings could also be part of a suspension system cm. The Sword Gladius and Spatha. The Antiquaries Valladolid, 6, Modified La Tene sword from Quintanas de Fig. Back to Albion Mark Swords Page. Some say the soldier reached gkadius his body to draw it, and others claim that the position of the shield made this method of drawing impossible.

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