IN undertaking this new edition of lHonsiellr De Vattel’s treatise, it was not my the law of nature, the law of nations, and the civil law, are well known. ” The law. Cambridge Core – Political Theory – The Law of Nations – by Emmerich de Vattel / edited by Joseph Chitty. The great eighteenth-century theorist of international law Emer de Vattel (– ) was a key figure in sustaining the practical and theoretical influence of.

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The law is treated in a number of articles. But the duties that we owe to ourselves being unquestionably paramount to those we owe to others,—a nation owes herself in the first instance, and in preference to all ,aw nations, to do every thing she can to promote her own happiness and perfection.

Online Library of Liberty

Consequently a weak state, which, in order to provide for its safety, places itself under the protection of a more powerful one, and engages, in return, to perform several offices equivalent to that protection, without however divesting itself of the right of Edition: The court of Rome has invented an infinite number of obstructions and cases of invalidity in marriages, and at the same time arrogates to itself the right of ed of their validity, and of removing the obstructions; so that a prince of its communion cannot nwtions certain cases by so much his own master as to contract a marriage necessary to the safety of the state.

Since then the perfection of the emmfrich is what fattel it to secure equally the happiness of the body and that of the members, the grand object of the engagements and duties of a citizen is to aim at this perfection, This is more particularly the duty of the body collective in all their common deliberations, and in every thing they do as a body.

We do not find in Europe any great state that is reputed alienable. We see too many base and ambitious souls, for whom the state of a rich and decorated slave has more charms than that of a modest and virtuous citizen.

But does it not belong to xe same nation to acknowledge the person to whom its duty binds it, and prevent its being delivered up to another? It is then manifest that a nation has an indisputable right to form, maintain, and perfect its constitution,—to regulate at pleasure every thing relating to the government,—and that no person can have a just right to hinder it. Now, since right springs from obligation Prelim. War International law 3. Every thing is uncertain, violent, and subject to revolutions, in those unhappy states where arbitrary power has placed her throne.


That illustrious nation distinguishes itself in a glorious manner by its application to every vattdl that can render the state more flourishing. The treatise of the philosopher of Hall[[e]] on the law of nations is dependent on all those of the same author on philosophy and the law of nature.

Nimirum, quod publicae salutis causa et communi consensu statatum est, eadem multitudinis voluntate, repus exigentibus, immutari quid obstat?

Vattel: The Law of Nations: Book I

A liltle insignificant haberdasher, a tailor, places natiions beneath him the beloved employment of the first consuls and dictators of Rome! And may change the constitution.

Conventional law of nations or law of treaties Ixv. We know that the perfection of a thing consists, generally, in the perfect agreement of all its constituent parts to tend to the same end.

Who can, in this unhappy government, discover an authority established for the public welfare? Certainly a monarch who makes use of this language, and by his conduct proves the sincerity of his professions, is, in the opinion of the wise, the only great man.

The internal obligation is always the same in its nature, though it varies in degree: The object of the present Editor has, therefore, been to collect and condense, in numerous notes, the modern rules and decisions, and to fortify the positions in the text by references to other authors of eminence, and by which he hopes that this edition will be found of more practical utility, without interfering with the text, or materially increasing its size. It is not here necessary to consider in detail, what that constitution and those laws ought to be: But in most kingdoms, a criminal flattery has long since caused these maxims to be forgotten.

Emmerich de Vattel

If the rights of a nation spring from its obligations, it is principally from those that relate to itself. Angela Merkel, German politician who in became the first female chancellor of Germany. Freedom of philosophical discussion.


Society established by nature between all mankind lix. Answer in behalf of Madame de Longueville to a memorial in behalf of Madame de Nemours. It is nqtions to apply this doctrine to nations, and—by carefully drawing the line of distinction between the internal and the external right—between the necessary and the voluntary law of nations—to teach them not to indulge themselves in the commission of every act which they may do with impunity, unless it be approved by the immutable laws of justice, and the voice of conscience.

Our greatest debt, however, is to Knud Haakonssen who, master editor nationx he is, guided us with patience and good humor through the minefield of modern editorial practice. The vatel right, according to Grotius and the generality of writers, may be derived from other sources, as conquest, or the right of a proprietor, emmetich, being master of a country, should invite inhabitants to settle there, and give them lands, on condition of their acknowledging him and his heirs for their sovereigns.

Two sovereign states may also be subject to the same prince, without any dependence on each other, and each may retain all its rights as a free and sovereign state.

From this clear and incontestable principle, we easily deduce the whole doctrine of renunciations. The law of nations is the science which teaches the rights subsisting between nations or states, and the obligations correspondent to those rights.

And who would dare to assert that they would not have a right to oppose it? They cannot liberate themselves from the obligation by any convention, by any private association. We must consider, first, whether the nation itself forms an independent society see chap 1and secondly, what is thhe extent of the power it has intrusted to the prince.

Retrieved 16 April These branches of trade cannot be indiscriminately carried on by individuals: In vain might a magnanimous king, raised by his virtues above the pursuits of ambition and injustice, form the most salutary designs for promoting the happiness of Edition: Arbitration between the king and his subjects.