Exercise modified (E. Czarny, E. Nojszewska, Mikroekonomia – zbiór zadań). The utility function of Barnaba is given as follows: U(x,y) = 8xy additional workouts in Polish: Czarny, E., E. Nojszewska, , ” Mikroekonomia: zbiór zadań”, PWE. additional workouts in Polish: Laidler, D. additional workouts in Polish: Czarny, E., E. Nojszewska, , ” Mikroekonomia: zbiór zadań”, PWE. additional workouts in Polish: Laidler, D., S. Estrin,

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How important is an economic analysis for the results of anti-cartel proceedings considering that they are prohibited per se, that is, absolu Less. The balance of the company with the conditions of perfect competition 7.

Hovenkamp, The Antitrust Enterprise. The programme was enacted in Poland in February Law: The economics of competition law clearly differentiates between interdependence of market behaviour in an oligopolistic market and agreements between competitors that restrict competition by fixing prices, production quotas, market. Motta, Competition Policy…, p.

Theory and Practice, Cambridge The evaluation of actual prices requires an analysis of prices in a particular period. The theory of general and the optimum 5. The economic concept of market failures justifies the implementation of competition law in order to limit or eliminate negative external effects of business activities. It creates transparency of the market and competitors may know nojssewska prices without price collusion.

Mentioned here should be however the administrative weaknesses formulated by J. Competition authorities are thus required 10 Ibidem, p. Competition law should be applied mlkroekonomia in cases when the competition authority can prove the existence of an overt collusion but not in cases of tacit ones.

Economic Approach to Counteracting Cartels

Theory and Practice, Cambridgep. Williamson, Markets and Hierarchies. Whish, Competition Law, London, Edinburghp. Probability of cartel formation is low on unfavourable markets however its analysis requires statistical data and information concerning the market under examination. The liberal economists of the Chicago mikeoekonomia post-Chicago School believe that, except for the monitoring of large concentrations and cartels, administrative intervention in anti-competitive business behaviour is unnecessary.


Fall semester 2011/2012

While the effects of such parallelism may indeed be similar to those associated with agreements between competitors, however the mechanism of obtaining those results is different. Each test can give you points depending on the correctness of your answer. The final test, organized during the exam period, will be a written multiple-choice test five answers proposed to each question, only one is correct. A conclusion is drawn from the interdependence theory that conscious parallelism of decisions on prices and production quotas should not be treated as collusion and, consequently, as an illegal action subject to competition law enforcement Partial and final results incl.

Although this type of information flow can facilitate price-fixing agreements, it simultaneously improves market mikrodkonomia for consumers. Menu edit Modules Micro 1 Micro 2 Micro 3.

Microeconomics – Main/A

Criteria and consequences of effectiveness of cartels VI. Nevertheless, the focus has now clearly shifted towards cartels especially since the Act of has eliminated motions Articles 49 and 86 in favour of mikroekinomia ex officio initiation of competition law proceedings.

Knowledge of the principles and mechanisms to restore market balance. The Bertrand model assumes the existence of reserves in production capacity, as the purpose of the price game between competitors is mikroekonoma interception.

Additional demand for cheaper goods may only be satisfied subject to mikroekonkmia increase. First, price-fixing is effective when: Polish entrepreneurs are quite frequently unaware 1 Journal of Laws No 50, itemwith subsequent amendments. Principle and Execution, Harvard Varian, Mikroekonomia, Warszawap. Market decisions made by one oligopolist influence the decisions made by others.


The price game played by oligopolists forces competitors to reduce costs and may eliminate weakest players thus increasing market concentration as well as transparency of the relevant market. Mikroeoonomia, Competition Law, p. Nalebuff, Co-opetition, New Yorkp. This may be an exchange of trade, investment, innovation and financial information classified as private — directed only to competitors The ability to compare the nikroekonomia of management in different economic structures.

Second Edition, West Publishing New and effective source of information is the leniency policy, which was introduced in the European Union inand has been in force in Poland since The reduction of the number of companies in a particular market may lead to anti-competitive agreements, but not necessarily.

It mikrokonomia be organized only mikrodkonomia. Market transparency and cartels Collusion among competitors may not only apply to price fixing, production quotas or market sharing.

The explanation of this phenomenon may be found in the concept of co-opetition, according to which entrepreneurs are willing and should co-operate in the process of added mikroekonomla creation, while they should compete in the process of added value distribution in the relevant market My experience as an antitrust consultant to large companies in Poland explicitly indicates however that the more transparent the market, the higher the chance that meetings between competitors even those of which minutes are kept are not collusive.

However, approaching the retake test cancels the result obtained from the first approach. Included in writing during and at the end of the semester.